Epilepsy

What is a Seizure?

A seizure is a clinical or physcial manifestation of an intense electrical discharge in part or whole of the brain.

What should be the lifestyle of a person suffering from epilepsy?

A good lifestyle is very important for person suffering from epilepsy these lifestyle changes can help help in preventing seizures. Some of these are.

  1. People with epilepsy should take medicines on time and never miss it.
  2. Take regular sleep, not to have excess alcohol.
  3. Avoid late night parties.

What are the things a person suffering from epilepsy must know?

A person suffering from epilepsy must know and must understand is that epilepsy is eminently treatable with simple medications. In 70% cases epileptic seizures can be controlled with single drugs, only in 30% cases more drugs and complex treatments and investigations are required.

How family members can help a person suffering from epilepsy?

Epilepsy is one condition where adherence is of paramount importance, if a person misses a single dose of its anti epileptic drugs he can have a seizure it is not necessary that he would have a seizure but it is possible that he can have a seizure therefore 100% adherence is mandatory in people with epilepsy. In Indian scenario where families works as a unit a family member can remind the person to take his medicine regularly on time. People with epilepsy are marginalized they have problems in schools, marriage, employment and therefore family has a very important role of providing moral , social and financial support. Family also responds at the time of seizure in providing Firs-aid.

What is febrile seizure and why it affects children’s?

Febrile seizure are cry of the immature and developing brain a brain of child age less than 5 year is a developing brain it is maturing the connections developing are not fully connected and therefore whenever there is a high fever body temperatures rises the brain responds by throwing a seizure. Whenever a child have a febrile seizure he is likely to have seizure in response to fever upto the age of about 5 to 7 years . After that brain will be matured and child will not have seizure due to fever. Since this is response to fever only so there is no need of any regular treatment.

How to give First-Aid to person having seizure?

We have to follow a few things whenever we see any person having a seizure on the road in our house or somewhere else. We don’t have to panic because by giving one minute to the person and doing few things irrespective of our educational, training, or gender, it might be possible to avoid significant fracture or injury to the patient. Sometimes this one minute can also save the life of the person.

  1. Just turn the patient to one side gently and put something soft like a jacket or anything available under the head so that there should not be any head injury.
  2. Don’t put anything in the patient’s mouth like putting your finger, spoon, or any foreign object to open the mouth because that will not help in controlling the scissor but instead, it will harm the patient in which he can get injured.
  3. Try to clear the ground for any sharp object, glass object. If the patient is wearing glasses remove them so that they will not cause injury to the face or the eyes.

Generally, seizures get over by 30 seconds to 1 minute. Suppose it doesn’t end and the patient has continuous episodes of abnormal movement or thinks the patient has injured himself. In that case, there is bleeding from any part of the body, or you think the patient has not regained consciousness, then you should immediately call for an ambulance or help.

Suggestions to people regarding alcohol intake and sleep?

There is a strong relationship between alcohol and epilepsy in many forms

  1. Alcohol reduces the efficacy of anti-epileptic drugs in reducing seizures, and sometimes people can suffer from seizures after taking excess alcohol.
  2. Sometimes side effects of anti epileptic drugs combined with alcohol can create problems, and due to problems, persons stop the medicines.
  3. Person with epilepsy must take at least 7 hours of sleep in the nighttime and avoid late-night parties and studies.